- First locate a spot with full sun. Roses require a minimum of 6 hours of full sun. Morning sun will insure leaves are dried early and result in fewer disease problems. The soil should have good drainage and not be in a low spot.
- Plant a rose at the same depth it is in the pot. Space roses 3+ feet apart from center to center (may need up to 5 ft, depending on the variety). To form a hedge with a shrub rose plant 2 ft. apart, continue up to the 5 ft. depending on how big the rose will grow, always leaving an area for maintenance and cutting blooms. Dig hole the size of the pot or slightly larger. Add Black cow or a bit of light potting soil (Osmocote fertilizer can also be added).
- Gently remove rose from pot so as not to disturb the root system and do not grab at the graft. Pack soil firmly around rose and mud in. Make sure the soil from the pot is the same level in the ground. Mulch about 2″ to 3″ deep around the rose, but do not mound mulch around the graft! Mulch helps reduce weeds, retain moisture and keeps the soil at a more even temperature. Do not pack anything over the graft.
- If you want to go the extra step, prepare your area, roll out a weed cloth or mat, and secure the corners with landscape ties or stakes. Cut out crosses where you plan to plant the rose bush. Fold back the edges of the cross. Plant. Replace the edges. Mulch. NO WEEDS!
- Water daily for at least 4 weeks to help establish the rose. After that, depending upon the weather, water approximately 1/2″ twice a week (everyday during the summer may be necessary in Central/South Florida).
- Proper fertilization and watering will dramatically reduce disease problems. Use a premium fertilizer that includes the minor elements. You get what you pay for in fertilizer. We recommend Osmocote fertilizer, as it is a slow release and will not burn the root system. Please keep in mind – Over fertilization will kill your rose plant.
- Blackspot can be a problem in rose growing. To treat blackspot ask your garden center for specific rose fungicides.
- Pests come and go. Spider mites usually come around in fall and spring. Use a labelled mitacide. Flower thrips might show up in the spring and then in June will be eaten by a biological beetle. But, the pest to look out for are chili thrips.
- Chili thrips are a microscopic foliar thrip that will eat the new growth and not allow your garden to prosper. The leaves curl up and turn brown and then the stalk will be compromised. But…..there is an EASY FIX. We strongly recommend Conserve SC. Conserve is worth the investment to protect your roses. Do not use as a preventative, only if you have the thrips in your garden. When using Conserve SC, coverage is important. You must almost drench the rose bush with the spray and get good coverage all over. Mix as directed. Conserve SC can be found at your upper scale garden centers or on Amazon.com. Please see photo page for pictures of roses affected by Chili Thrips.
- PRUNING IS A MUST! Don’t be afraid to cut back your roses fairly heavy around the week of February 14. This is for established roses (in the ground for more than 1 year). Throughout the year slightly trim your roses to “reshape” your bush. This forces them to continue blooming througout the year. Yes, Nelson Roses will bloom throughout the entire year!
- DO NOT USE ROUNDUP OR ANY SYSTEMIC HERBICIDE AROUND YOUR ROSES. Tell your yard service not to use any Round Up around your roses. Tell your husband not to use any round up around your roses!
- Yellow leaves generally indicate that the rose bush needs more water.
- Highs and lows of fertilizers can make your plant more susceptible to blackspot.
- Dieback is not naturally occurring but is a symptom of over-fertilization or chili thrips.
- Your roses will get big! Restake them as they grow for needed support.
- To further reduce the possibility of blackspot, water roses in the morning making sure that after watering, the leaves have time to dry before sundown.
Here is our FAQ/CARE SHEET we give out to our customers
Here is a product guide – a few things to use and a few to NEVER use on your roses
Here is a list of organic products for various uses
Please watch our Early Spring Pruning Video Below to a brief demonstration on how to hard prune in February/March